Becoming a Practicing Muslim: The Five Pillars of Islam [V]

Dina Essawy

24 Mar 2018

Fourth: Hajj

Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. It must be carried out at least once in a Muslim's lifetime. It can only be carried out by adult Muslims, who are physically and financially capable to do so, as it requires travelling. Hajj is performed in Mecca, the holy city located in Saudi Arabia. Hajj only occurs in the Islamic month of Dhul-Hijjah.  During Hajj, Muslims wear ihram, which is a special type of garb specific to Hajj, and refrain from certain actions.

Every year, the rituals of hajj start during a five-day period from the 8th to the 12th of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. The rituals of Hajj were first established by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). During Hajj, hundreds of thousands of Muslims join together to walk and pray around the Kaaba, dash back and forth between Safaa and Marwah (mountains in Mecca), drink from the Zamzam Well, stand at the plains of Mount Arafat, spend the night in the Muzdalifa plains, and perform symbolic stoning of the devil by throwing stones at three pillars.

Allah says in the Quran: "And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass." [Al-Haj, 27]

Hajj has the greatest significance to Muslims worldwide. It is a chance for all Muslims to stand united for what they believe in. Hajj for Muslims is a chance for self-renewal and it is also a symbol for the Day of Judgment. It provides spiritual reinvigoration and Muslims wait for it every year.

AL-Isra' Wa Al-Miraj II (The Night Journey and Ascension to Heaven)

In the second part of the journey, which is called Al-Miraj, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) met the Prophets as well as angels in heaven. Unusually for him, he saw Gabriel in an angel form, having six hundred wings, although he used to see him as a man when he was sent to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a revelation of Allah, in accordance with what mentioned in the Tradition of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): " and then Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Ga

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AL-Isra' Wa Al-Miraj I (The Night Journey and Ascension to Heaven)

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was moved by the Almighty during part of the night from the Sacred Mosque in Makkah to the Mosque of Al-Aqsa in Palestine. The journey was to show the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) the signs of Allah's great power.

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The Holy Month of Ramadan II

Ramadan is a precious month in which Allah Almighty sends his blessings to all Muslims all over the world. But what is so special about this month that we all wait for from year to year. The answer is found in the Quran when Allah says, “The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and standard ˹to distinguish between right and wrong˺” [Al-Baqarah, 185].

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